Malayalam Unicode Key assignment [You can create Malayalam text by clicking buttons below]
Romaneq. a aa/A i ii/I u uu/U R RR LL e ee/E ai o oo/O au q x VIRAMA
Romaneq. ka Ka ga Ga nga ca cha ja jha nya ta Ta da Da Na
Romaneq. tha Tha dha Dha na/nna pa pha ba bha/Ba ma ya ra Ra zha la La va/wa sha Sha sa
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Malayalam is spoken by people in Kerala, Laccadive Islands, and neighboring states. Also spoken in Bahrain, Fiji, Israel, Malaysia, Qatar, Singapore, UAE, United Kingdom. Malayalis (speakers of Malayalam), who - males and females alike - are almost totally literate, constitute 4 percent of the population of India and 96 percent of the population of Kerala. In terms of the number of speakers Malayalam ranks eights among the fifteen major languages of India. The word /malayALam/ originally meant mountainous country) (/mala/- mountain + /aLam/-place).It belongs to the family of Dravidian languages. Both the language and its writing system are closely related to Tamil. Malayalam has a script of its own. Tamil is its neighbor on the south and east and Kannada on the north and east.


The Script

In the early thirteenth century /vattezhuthu/ (round writing) traceable to the pan-Indian brahmi script, gave rise to the Malayalam writing system, which is syllabic in the sense that the sequence of graphic elements means that syllables have to be read as units, though in this system the elements representing individual vowels and consonants are for the most part readily identifiable. In the 1960s Malayalam dispensed with many special letters representing less frequent conjunct consonants and combinations of the vowel /u/ with different consonants.

Malayalam now consists of 53 letters including 20 long and short vowels with the remaining being consonants. The earlier style of writing is now substituted with a new style from 1981. This new script reduces the different letters for typeset from 900 to less than 90. This was mainly done to include Malayalam in the keyboards of typewriters and computers.

Language variation and external influence

Variations in intonation patterns, vocabulary, and distribution of grammatical and phonological elements are observable along the parameters of region, community, occupation, social stratum, style and register. Influence of Sanskrit is most prominent in the Brahimin dialects and least in the Harijan dialects. Loanwords from English, Syriac, Latin, and Portuguese abound in the Christian dialects and those from Arabic and Urdu in the muslim dialects. Malayalam has borrowed from Sanskrit thousands of nouns, hundreds of verbs and some indeclinables. Some items of basic vocabulary (eg/mukhum/ face, /nakham/ nail, /bhArya/ wife, bharthAvu/ husband) also have found their way into Malayalam from Sanskrit. English stands only second to Sanskrit in its influence in Malayalam. Hundreds of individual lexical items and may idiomatic expressions in modern Malayalam are of English origin.

Malayalam UNICODE Chart

33300D02Malayalam Sign ANUSVARA
33310D03Malayalam Sign VISARGA
33330D05Malayalam Letter A
33340D06Malayalam Letter AA
33350D07Malayalam Letter I
33360D08Malayalam Letter II
33370D09Malayalam Letter U
33380D0AMalayalam Letter UU
33390D0BMalayalam Letter VOCALIC R
33400D0CMalayalam Letter VOCALIC L
33420D0EMalayalam Letter E
33430D0FMalayalam Letter EE
33440D10Malayalam Letter AI
33460D12Malayalam Letter O
33470D13Malayalam Letter OO
33480D14Malayalam Letter AU
33490D15Malayalam Letter KA
33500D16Malayalam Letter KHA
33510D17Malayalam Letter GA
33520D18Malayalam Letter GHA
33530D19Malayalam Letter NGA
33540D1AMalayalam Letter CA
33550D1BMalayalam Letter CHA
33560D1CMalayalam Letter JA
33570D1DMalayalam Letter JHA
33580D1EMalayalam Letter NYA
33590D1FMalayalam Letter TTA
33600D20Malayalam Letter TTHA
33610D21Malayalam Letter DDA
33620D22Malayalam Letter DDHA
33630D23Malayalam Letter NNA
33640D24Malayalam Letter TA
33650D25Malayalam Letter THA
33660D26Malayalam Letter DA
33670D27Malayalam Letter DHA
33680D28Malayalam Letter NA
33700D2AMalayalam Letter PA
33710D2BMalayalam Letter PHA
33720D2CMalayalam Letter BA
33730D2DMalayalam Letter BHA
33740D2EMalayalam Letter MA
33750D2FMalayalam Letter YA
33760D30Malayalam Letter RA
33770D31Malayalam Letter RRA
33780D32Malayalam Letter LA
33790D33Malayalam Letter LLA
33800D34Malayalam Letter LLLA
33810D35Malayalam Letter VA
33820D36Malayalam Letter SHA
33830D37Malayalam Letter SSA
33840D38Malayalam Letter SA
33850D39Malayalam Letter HA
33900D3EMalayalam Vowel Sign AA
ി33910D3FMalayalam Vowel Sign I
33920D40Malayalam Vowel Sign II
33930D41Malayalam Vowel Sign U
33940D42Malayalam Vowel Sign UU
33950D43Malayalam Vowel Sign VOCALIC R
33980D46Malayalam Vowel Sign E
33990D47Malayalam Vowel Sign EE
34000D48Malayalam Vowel Sign AI
34020D4AMalayalam Vowel Sign O
34030D4BMalayalam Vowel Sign OO
34040D4CMalayalam Vowel Sign AU
34050D4DMalayalam Sign VIRAMA
34150D57Malayalam AU LENGTH MARK
34240D60Malayalam Letter VOCALIC RR
34250D61Malayalam Letter VOCALIC LL
34300D66Malayalam Digit ZERO
34310D67Malayalam Digit ONE
34320D68Malayalam Digit TWO
34330D69Malayalam Digit THREE
34340D6AMalayalam Digit FOUR
34350D6BMalayalam Digit FIVE
34360D6CMalayalam Digit SIX
34370D6DMalayalam Digit SEVEN
34380D6EMalayalam Digit EIGHT
34390D6FMalayalam Digit NINE